Copyright Society monitors impact of AI on copyright

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The International Confederation of Societies of Authors and Composers (CISAC) has revealed that it has begun research into the impact of artificial intelligence (AI) on authors’ rights.

In its 2022 annual report, released today, CISAC said it has been examining key issues arising from the relationship between artificial intelligence and copyright, and the need to adapt existing legislation to evolving technology.

CISAC said, “The questions of whether works created by AI are protected by copyright, who should be considered the author and copyright owner, and who should be held liable for copyright infringement related to works created by AI have sparked debates with significant political implications at the international level.”

While it is widely believed that artificial intelligence technology is currently unable to generate works of art autonomously, policymakers are monitoring the need to adjust existing copyright legislation.

CISAC, through its Legal and Global Policy Committee, has prepared a policy advice document to provide lobbying guidance to its association members, the report said.

The federation said it participated in discussions with the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) on artificial intelligence and intellectual property in September. CISAC is concerned about the overbroad use of copyright exceptions for artificial intelligence (especially text and data mining).

CISAC has also started monitoring progress in the EU after the European Commission released legislative proposals on artificial intelligence and a study on the relationship between artificial intelligence and copyright data management and its impact on the copyright legal framework.

The 2022 report also outlines CISAC’s work to support the 228 writers’ associations around the world that collectively manage the rights of more than 4 million creators of music, audiovisual, visual arts, theatre and literature. The report details the federation’s various services, including lobbying, best practice and technology development, and systems that support data exchange, help identify works and pay royalties quickly and accurately.

In addition, the report documents CISAC’s legislative lobbying activities in multiple countries to promote stronger legal protections for creators and rights holders.

CISAC Director General Gadi Oron Gadi Oron said, “In a world moving from one crisis to another, CISAC continues to serve the interests of our members, creators and collective management with focus and determination. Over the past 2 years, our focus has shifted to digital consumption, including real-time streaming, digital licensing and sound information systems support. Our lobbying and education efforts have focused on digital rights, online revenues and their impact on creators’ livelihoods in the post-epidemic era.”